What are PCR Reagents

Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is a technique used to amplify specific regions of DNA. It involves making many copies of a specific DNA fragment using enzymes called polymerases. The process involves heating and cooling a mixture of DNA template, primers, a thermostable DNA polymerase (such as Taq polymerase), and the four deoxynucleoside triphosphates (dNTPs) required for DNA synthesis. 

The basic reagents used in PCR are: 

  • Template DNA: This is the target DNA that you want to amplify. The template DNA can be from any source, including bacteria, viruses, plant or animal cells, or even forensic samples. 
  • Primers: These are short stretches of DNA that are complementary to the ends of the region of the template DNA that needs to be amplified. Primers typically range in length from 18 to 30 base pairs. 
  • Taq polymerase: This is a thermostable DNA polymerase that can withstand the high temperatures used in PCR. Taq polymerase is isolated from the bacterium Thermus aquaticus. 
  • dNTPs: dNTPs are the building blocks of DNA and include deoxyadenosine triphosphate (dATP), deoxycytidine triphosphate (dCTP), deoxyguanosine triphosphate (dGTP), and deoxythymidine triphosphate (dTTP). 
  • Buffers: PCR requires a buffer that provides a suitable pH, salt concentration, and cofactors that are required for the activity of Taq polymerase. 
  • MgCl2: Magnesium chloride is also typically added to the reaction mix as a cofactor for Taq polymerase. 

There are also different types of PCR, including Real-time PCR, which include the use of fluorescent dyes (probe or primers) or TaqMan probe and a thermal cycler with a fluorescent detector. 

It’s important to always keep in mind that to get the best performance out of PCR reactions, it’s important to have high-quality reagents and use them under controlled conditions. We at Pipette.com ensure that we support your science with our products and help you to achieve best results 

Looking for PCR Plates, PCR Tubes, Pipettes, or Pipette Tips?

Need to keep your assets compliant with lab management software or make sure your pipettes are fully calibrated with a calibration management solution

What are PCR Consumables?

PCR consumables are supplies that are used during the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) process. At Pipette.com, our signature brand of PCR consumables are from Oxford Lab Products and include items such as PCR Strip tubes, 96 Well Plates and tips. Other PCR consumables include  primers, enzymes, and reagents. They are used to amplify specific DNA or RNA sequences in a sample using the PCR process. The consumables are typically disposable and are used in one-time experiments or procedures. 

PCR consumables are used in a laboratory setting to amplify specific DNA or RNA sequences in a sample using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) process. The specific steps involved in using PCR consumables may vary depending on the type of experiment being conducted and the specific consumables being used. However, some general steps that are involved include: 

  1. Setting up the PCR reaction: This typically involves preparing a mixture of the sample, primers, enzymes, and other reagents in a PCR tube or plate
  1. Amplifying the DNA or RNA: The mixture is then subjected to a series of temperature cycles using a thermal cycler during which the DNA or RNA is amplified through the action of the enzymes. 
  1. Analyzing the amplified product: Once the amplification is complete, the amplified DNA or RNA can be analyzed using a variety of techniques, such as gel electrophoresis or real-time PCR. 

Overall, the use of PCR consumables allows researchers to amplify specific DNA or RNA sequences rapidly and accurately in a sample, which can be used for a wide range of applications, including gene expression analysis, disease diagnosis, and genetic testing. 

Need to keep your assets compliant with lab management software or make sure your pipettes are fully calibrated with a calibration management solution